Ebola Virus Disease is often known as Hemorrhagic fever which has high fatality rate caused by any one of the five viruses of Ebola Virus Family. Ebola was first discovered in 1976 in two places near the Ebola River. The WHO noticed 24 outbreaks from 1976 to 2013 with a total of 1716 cases. Ebola virus transmits from one person to another due to direct contact with the body fluids. Also, using the unsterilised needles passes the Virus. The average death rate of those who infected with this disease is upto 50 percent. But on 29th March 2016, WHO formally declared Ebola is no longer an emergency condition, and it has treatment. So, to treat Ebola Virus Disease, you must spot out the symptoms first. But what are the symptoms of Ebola Virus Disease? Here we have given the list of Ebola Virus Symptoms for both initial and advanced stages.
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What is Ebola Virus?
Ebola Virus Disease, the fatal illness caused by the Virus belongs to the Filoviridae family. Five viruses namely Zaire, Bundibugyo, Taï Forest, Sudan, and Reston ebolavirus of this family are responsible for causing the EVD. The first four viruses cause the Ebola Virus Disease for the humans, and the fifth one is to animals. The Ebola will spread among the people by the direct contact of the body fluids like blood. Also, contact with the fecal matters and eating the infected animals also cause the transmission of EVD. The Semen and Breast Milk also carries the Ebola Virus for several months. The water and air are not responsible for the Ebola Virus Transmission. Direct contact with the Ebola patients can get the virus.
Ebola Virus Symptoms & Signs
The symptoms of the Ebola Virus Disease appear between 2 days to 21 days after the exposure to the virus. To say, the average time you can spot the Ebola Signs and symptoms is from 8 days to 10days. The initial Ebola Virus Symptoms are scanty and similar to influenza-like fever with the temperature greater than 101F. Ran your eyes on the early and advanced Ebola Virus Pictures.
Early Ebola Virus Symptoms Pictures
The early symptoms of the Ebola Virus include the following.
- Loss of appetite.
- Joints and Muscle aches.
- Stomach pain.
- Sore Throat.
The early-stage Ebola Virus symptoms pictures are little confusing and not easily provoked. Hence if you didn’t find and cure EVD initially, it leads to severe problems. In some situations, maculopapular rashes may appear on the skin which means the skin becomes red color with small bumps usually after 5 or 7 days after the exposure of virus. This Ebola Virus causes damages to the immune system and distracts from the normal functioning.
If the proper diagnosis is not provided at the initial stage, breaks out into the severe symptoms. The advanced Ebola Symptoms pictures include the following.
- Nausea and Vomiting.
- Red Eyes.
- Chest Pain.
- Severe weight loss.
If the disease crosses these signs and symptoms too, the infected person can get both internal bleeding and external bleeding. The internal bleeding causes the body organs like liver; kidney is infected. External bleeding causes blood comes from ears, eyes, nose, rectum, etc. Normally bleeding appears after the 7 days from exposure to the Ebola Virus Disease. In certain conditions, mucous Bleeding happens in 40 to 50 percent cases. It results in blood during a cough, blood vomitings, bloody stools. Heavy blood loss & low blood pressure due to fluid loss causes coma in some situations. Due to bleeding, the count of the red blood corpuscles will decrease. Often, leads to fatal death.
Hence when you initially found the early symptoms, contact the doctor and make the blood tests. Since the symptoms of the Ebola Virus Disease are similar to the normal infections, WHO introduced a series of tests to recognize the disease. According to the WHO, the common tests used to spot the Ebola Virus symptoms pictures include
- Serum Neutralisation Test.
- Antigen-capture Detection Test.
- Electron Microscopy.
- Reverse Transcriptase PCR Test.
Treatment Of Ebola Virus Disease
Although a large number of vaccines and drug therapies are developed, can’t diagnose the Ebola complete. Hence the health care teams offer the basic support to increase the survival time.
- Make sure the infected person hydrated or not.
- Provide fluids and electrolytes.
- Maintain oxygen levels.
- Controlling the Blood Pressure.
This support will manage the pain, nausea, vomitings, fever. In some cases, blood replacement like platelets, red blood cells, frozen plasma are also used to cure Ebola. Heparin, the regulator, used to initiate the blood clotting and reduces the bleeding. Dialysis treatment is used for the failure of kidneys and extracorporeal oxygen membrane for lungs. An infected person may recover from the Ebola by providing the supportive care. The person recovered from EVD may develop antibodies which eliminate for at least 10 years. Also, leads to permanent damages like loss of vision, joint problems. Even after the recovery the virus exist in the semen and breast milk which lasts for several months.