In the present generation, all are busy with their jobs and have no time to take care of their health. So, the count of the diseases has been increasing like the advancement of technology. Even the doctors are unable to recognize the disease at the early stage. Like that, Atherosclerosis is one of the fatal diseases that we don’t know the symptoms at the initial stage. Hence, after a lot of research, doctor’s have spotted the symptoms. So, check the complete article to know the Atherosclerosis symptoms.
Arteries consist a thin layer of cells called Endothelium. It keeps the tissue smooth and permits the passage of blood easily. When endothelium gets damaged, Atherosclerosis occurs. Atherosclerosis means the narrowing of the arteries which supplies the blood to various parts of the body. Taking unhealthy food lets fats and cholesterol to grow in the arteries and leads to the formation of plaques. The build-up of plaques will block the arteries and other blood vessels that carry the blood to organs. Hence due to the shortage of the sufficient blood, Atherosclerosis disease will occur. The other terms of the Atherosclerosis are Arteriosclerosis or Atherosclerosis Cardiovascular Disease.
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The mild Arteriosclerosis has no signs and symptoms. Getting the disease worse the symptoms will visible. Depending on the which arteries are affected, the signs and symptoms of the Atherosclerosis may vary. The common symptoms of the Atherosclerosis are chest pain, nausea, vomiting, etc. Also, you can find the symptoms of Atherosclerosis in legs, arms, feet. If the symptoms will not treat, it will lead to fatal diseases like heart stroke, kidneys damages.
1. Coronary Atherosclerosis Signs and Symptoms
In the Coronary Atherosclerosis disease, the coronary arteries are affected. Coronary arteries are responsible for bringing the oxygenated blood to the heart. When these arteries are blocked due to the plaque, the heart will not receive the blood. This leads to heart strokes. Also, called as the Coronary Heart Disease. The common symptom associated with this coronary heart disease is Angina. Angina is the chest pain occurs when the arteries don’t get sufficient oxygen levels in the blood. This pain is also caused due to restless work or stress. Other signs and symptoms of Coronary Atherosclerosis are
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- Pain in the back, jaw, neck, arms, shoulders.
- Abdominal Pain.
- Vomiting or Nausea.
- Shortness of Breath.
- Arrhythmias occur when the rate of heartbeat changes.
Risk factors for Atherosclerosis CVD
Plaque disease also affects the small arteries which lead to Coronary Microvascular Disease. The Coronary Atherosclerosis symptoms are
- Breath problems.
- Lack of Sleep and energy.
2. Carotid Atherosclerosis Symptoms
Carotid arteries supply the oxygenated blood to the brain and neck. The degenerative disease of the blood vessels results in plaques which contain lipids, cholesterol, and necrotic cells. Due to these plaques, stenosis, embolization, and thrombosis can occur. Also, When cholesterol damages carotid tissue organs, several pains will appear. The symptoms of this disease include the following.
- Difficulty in thinking.
- Unable to speak.
- A Severe Headache.
- Difficulty in standing and walking.
- Lack of sensibility to arms, legs, face.
Risk factors for the Carotid Artery Disease
When the Carotid Atherosclerosis crosses these symptoms, the persons may encounter several risks.
- Diabetes can stop the ability to manage the blood sugar.
- Obesity will occur. Due to obesity, the level of blood pressure, Atherosclerosis, and the diabetes will increase.
- Smoking also leads to high blood pressure, and heart rate.
3. Cerebral Atherosclerosis Symptoms
Cerebral atherosclerosis disease occurs due to the build-up of plaques in the arteries within the cerebrum. The common types of plaques associated with the cerebrum are connective tissue, extracellular matrix. This will lead to hardening and thickening of the arteries. The common symptoms associated with this disease are
- Facial Pain.
- Impaired Vision.
Cerebral Atherosclerosis Risk Factors
If the signs and symptoms of this Atherosclerosis wander, people may experience many health risks. The risks of the Atherosclerosis are
- Ischemic stroke: When the blood vessels thicken, the blood may clot. Due to this, arteries allow the narrow passage of blood and sometimes leads to blockage of the blood. Hence, the ischemic stroke will happen.
- Hemorrhagic stroke: Due to uneven thickening and hardening of the arteries, bulges will appear in the tissues. Hence, if this bulges rupture and causes bleeding, the hemorrhagic stroke will take place.
- Vascular Dementia: It will cause when the neurons in the brain die. In this Dementia, the person will encounter the stroke which has no symptoms.
Both Ischemic and Hemorrhagic strokes are fatal.
4. Peripheral Atherosclerosis Signs
The peripheral arteries carry the blood to the legs, arms, and pelvis. When the plaques and cholesterol block these arteries, severe damages occurs to our body. The main symptoms associated with the peripheral arteriosclerosis are
- Blood clotting.
- Numbness of legs, arms.
Other Risk Factors for Peripheral Artery Disease
The signs and symptoms of the Atherosclerosis are mild for the peripheral arteries. The clogged artery symptoms of the leg, arms may disappear by taking the rest. The symptoms of Atherosclerosis is known as Intermittent Claudication. When these symptoms are left untreated, the person may encounter many health risks. The risk factors are given below.
- Cramping in the legs, arms, buttocks, thighs, calves, and feet.(during walking and climbing stairs)
- Sores on the feet, legs, etc.
- Erectile dysfunction mostly for men who have diabetes.
- Change in color of the skin.
- Hair loss occurs.
- Slower hair growth on legs.
- Pulses in the legs, arms may be weak.
5. Renal Atherosclerosis Signs & Symptoms
Renal arteries carry the oxygenated blood to the Kidneys. Whenever the plaques form in the kidneys, the blood vessels that supply the blood will clog or block. No symptoms will appear for this Arteriosclerosis at the early stage. But the disease may worse at the later stages. Hence within a short time, the functions of kidneys will stop. The late stage Atherosclerosis symptoms include the following.
- Urine problems.
- Loss of appetite.
- Swelling of hands, legs.
- Loss of concentration.
So, whenever you notice these signs and symptoms of Arteriosclerosis, don’t neglect. Contact the doctor and prevent the disease with the proper Atherosclerosis treatment.